On the Consequences of Meaning Selection presents the latest research in a relatively new area in the study of comprehension and discourse processes—lexically ambiguous words, how they are accessed, and how meaning is derived. Investigators describe the current state of knowledge and theory regarding the role that words play in comprehension.

This book will be a valuable resource to individuals concerned with the problems of cognitive deficits or changes associated with disease and aging as well as the more contemporary problem of getting computers to understand what we say and write. As a scholarly volume, this book will be particularly useful for researchers in comprehension and discourse processes.

Table of Contents





  1. On the Consequence of Meaning Selection: An Overview
    —David S. Gorfein

I. On Lexical Access

  1. Methodological Issues in the Study of Lexical Ambiguity Resolution
    —Patrizia Tabossi and Silvia Sbisà
  2. The Effect of Prior Disambiguating Context on the Comprehension of Ambiguous Words: Evidence From Eye Movements
    —Susan A. Duffy, Gretchen Kambe, and Keith Rayner

II. Using Individual Differences to Evaluate Theory

  1. Modeling Suppression in Lexical Access
    —Morton Ann Gernsbacher and Mark F. St. John
  2. The Lexical Basis of Comprehension Skill
    —Charles A. Perfetti and Lesley Hart
  3. Ambiguity Resolution as a Function of Reading Skill, Age, Dementia, and Schizophrenia: The Role of Attentional Control
    —David A. Balota, Michael J. Cortese, and Dorit Wenke

III. The Effects of Meaning Selection

  1. Repeated Homographs in Word and Sentence Contexts: Multiple Processing of Multiple Meanings
    —Greg B. Simpson and Anthony C. Adamopoulos
  2. The Costs and Benefits of Meaning
    —Morton Ann Gernsbacher, Rachel R. W. Robertson, and Necia K. Werner
  3. What Happens to the Unselected Meaning of an Ambiguous Word in Skilled Reading?
    —Robin K. Morris and Katherine S. Binder

IV. Some Alternative Theory

  1. An Activation-Selection View of Homograph Disambiguation: A Matter of Emphasis?
    —David S. Gorfein
  2. The Role of Inhibition in Meaning Selection: Insights From Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
    —Geeta Shivde and Michael C. Anderson
  3. A Model of Repetition Priming for Lexical Decisions
    —James R. Erickson and Stephanie Allred

V. High-Dimensional Semantic Space Models

  1. Single Representation of Multiple Meanings in Latent Semantic Analysis
    —Thomas K. Landauer
  2. Representing and Resolving Semantic Ambiguity: A Contribution From High-Dimensional Memory Modeling
    —Curt Burgess


Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editor