PsycTESTS® Sample Records

These sample records from the PsycTESTS® database show Test Master Profiles with a Test Development, Test Review, and Test Use Record. A Test Primary Data sample record illustrates a commercial test indexed in the database.
Test Development Record

Test Master Profile

Test Name Causal Dimension Scale
Authors Costarelli, Sandro
doi 10.1037/t08563-000
Construct Causal Dimensions; Ingroup Identification; Social Identity
Purpose The purpose of this scale is to assess causal dimensions affecting social identity and ingroup identification.
Administration Method Paper
Summary The Causal Dimension Scale (Costarelli, 2012) was developed in a study examining social identity threat, group identity, and attributions of poor group performance. Participants in the study were 80 students (mean age = 19.22 yrs) attending secondary schools in Treviso, Italy. By adapting relevant items drawn from McAuley, Duncan, and Russel's (1992) causal dimension scale for the current unit of analysis (the ingroup), a 3-item scale was developed to measure causal dimensions underlying participants' attributions. Participants were presented with one bipolar 6-point scale (as adapted from the 3 items of the corresponding subscale in McAuley et al.'s measure) anchored in their extremes by opposing possible causes of the group-unfavorable outcome establishing the intergroup status differential. This bipolar scale measured temporal instability (Is the cause... permanent [= 1] vs. temporary [= 6]). The internal consistency of the scale after averaging across items was satisfactory (α = .85).

Test Development Record

PsycTESTS Unique Identifier 9999-08563-001
Reported In Costarelli, Sandro. Coping with intergroup threat via biased attributions to low group effort: The moderating roles of ingroup identification, legitimacy, and instability of intergroup status. Social Psychology, Vol 43(1), 2012, 47-59. doi: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000083
Construct Causal Dimensions; Ingroup Identification; Social Identity
Purpose The purpose of this scale is to assess causal dimensions affecting social identity and ingroup identification.
Language English
Author Costarelli, Sandro
Email Costarelli, Sandro: sandro.costarelli@unitn.it
Correspondence Address Costarelli, Sandro: University of Trento, Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education, Corso Bettini, 31, Rovereto (TN), Italy, 38068
Affiliation Costarelli, Sandro University of Trento
Format Test items are responded to on a bipolar 6-point scale.
Number of Items This is a 3-item measure.
Administration Method Paper
Permissions May use for Research/Teaching
Fee No
Commercial No
Reliability Internal Consistency: The internal consistency of the scale after averaging across items was satisfactory (α = .85).
Validity Construct Validity: Preliminary exploratory factor analysis with Oblimin factor rotation specifying that factors with eigenvalues greater than 1 be retained, determined that the scale had sufficient construct validity. A one-factor solution was extracted accounting for 72% of the variance. All factor loadings exceeded .66.
Population Human; Male; Female
Population Details Sample: Secondary School Students
Age Group Adolescence (13-17 yrs)
Keywords Attributions; Causal Dimension Scale; Ingroup Identification; Social Identity; Legitimacy Conditions; Group Stability
Index Terms Attribution; Causality; Group Identity; Ingroup Outgroup; Rating Scales; Social Identity
Release Date 20120213
Test Review Record
Test Use Record
Test Primary Data Record