Psychological Review®

ISSN: 0033-295X
eISSN: 1939-1471
Published: quarterly, beginning in January
ISI Impact Factor: 7.719
Psychology - Multidisciplinary : 5 of 127

Psychological Review ® publishes articles that make important theoretical contributions to any area of scientific psychology, including systematic evaluation of alternative theories. Papers mainly focused on surveys of the literature, problems of method and design, or reports of empirical findings are not appropriate.

There is no upper bound on the length of Psychological Review articles. However, authors who submit papers with texts longer than 25,000 words will be asked to justify the need for their length.

Psychological Review also publishes, as Theoretical Notes, commentary that contributes to progress in a given subfield of scientific psychology. Such notes include, but are not limited to, discussions of previously published articles, comments that apply to a class of theoretical models in a given domain, critiques and discussions of alternative theoretical approaches, and meta-theoretical commentary on theory testing and related topics.

Psychological Review® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


John R. Anderson
Carnegie Mellon University

Associate Editors

Jerome R. Busemeyer
Indiana University Bloomington

Charles S. Carver
University of Miami

Susan T. Fiske
Princeton University

Zhong-Lin Lu
The Ohio State University

John T. Wixted
University of California, San Diego

Consulting Editors

David A. Balota
Washington University in St. Louis

Marlene Behrmann
Carnegie Mellon University

Aaron S. Benjamin
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Marilynn B. Brewer
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Claus Bundesen
University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Neil Burgess
University College London, London, United Kingdom

Linnda Caporael
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Patrick Cavanagh
Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France

Kyle R. Cave
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Nick Chater
University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Charles Clifton, Jr.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Max Coltheart
Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

M. Lynne Cooper
University of Missouri

Jennifer Crocker
The Ohio State University

Peter Dayan
University College London, London, United Kingdom

Gary S. Dell
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Jonathan St. B T Evans
University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom

Lisa Feldman Barrett
Northeastern University

Wayne Gray
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Tom Griffiths
University of California, Berkeley

Zenzi Griffin
University of Texas at Austin

Alice F. Healy
University of Colorado Boulder

Andrew Heathcote
University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia

Steve Heine
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Lori L. Holt
Carnegie Mellon University

Peter R. Killeen
Arizona State University

Roberta L. Klatzky
Carnegie Mellon University

Eileen Kowler
Rutgers University

Arie W. Kruglanski
University of Maryland at College Park

John K. Kruschke
Indiana University

Mark R. Leary
Duke University

Michael D. Lee
University of California, Irvine

Stephan Lewandowsky
University of Bristol and University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Richard L. Lewis
University of Michigan

Gordon D. Logan
Vanderbilt University

Brenda Major
University of California, Santa Barbara

Larry Maloney
New York University

Denis Mareschal
Birkbeck College, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Gail A. McKoon
The Ohio State University

Timothy P. McNamara
Vanderbilt University

Janet Metcalfe
Columbia University

Scott M. Monroe
University of Notre Dame

Robert M. Nosofsky
Indiana University

Mike Oaksford
Birkbeck College, University of London, London, United Kingdom

David C. Plaut
Carnegie Mellon University

Roger Ratcliff
The Ohio State University

Keith Rayner
University of California, San Diego

Lynne Reder
Carnegie Mellon University

Erik D. Reichle
University of Southampton, United Kingdom

Joerg Rieskamp
University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Caren M. Rotello
University of Massachusetts

Dario D. Salvucci
Drexel University

Lael J. Schooler
Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany

Suzanne C. Segerstrom
University of Kentucky

David R. Shanks
University College London, London, United Kingdom

Neil Stewart
University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Niels Taatgen
University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

James T. Townsend
Indiana University

Marius Usher
Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel

Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Thomas S. Wallsten
University of Maryland

Elke U. Weber
Columbia University

Thomas Widiger
University of Kentucky

Wendy Wood
University of Southern California

Manuscript Coordinator

Abraham Anderson

Abstracting & Indexing

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Instructions to Authors

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically (.doc or .pdf format) to:

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

John R. Anderson, PhD
Baker Hall 345D
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

General correspondence may be directed to the Editor's office.

Do not submit manuscripts to the Editor's email address.

All submissions should be clear and readable. An unusual typeface is acceptable only if it is clear and legible.

In addition to addresses and phone numbers, please supply electronic mail addresses and fax numbers, if available, for potential use by the editorial office and later by the production office.

Masked Review Policy

Masked review is optional for this journal. Include authors' names and affiliations only in the cover letter for the manuscript. Authors who desire masked review should make every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to their identities.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.


There is no upper bound on the length of Psychological Review articles. However, authors who submit papers with texts longer than 25,000 words will be asked to justify the need for their length.

Submissions must be under 5 MB in total size.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Psychological Review, The Centennial Issue

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Review, Vol. 101, No. 2, April 1994. The issue includes historical articles on the physical basis of emotion; cognitive psychology; behaviorism; neuroscience; measurement; learning; motivation; visual perception; and cognitive processing.