Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition®

ISSN: 0278-7393
eISSN: 1939-1285
Published: bimonthly, beginning in January
ISI Impact Factor: 3.098
Psychology - Experimental : 17 of 83

The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition® publishes original experimental studies on basic processes of cognition, learning, memory, imagery, concept formation, problem solving, decision making, thinking, reading, and language processing.

The journal emphasizes empirical reports, which may be either multi-experiment, integrative articles, or research reports. Research reports are limited to 3,000 to 5,000 words in length (including references, but excluding abstract and footnotes).

The journal also publishes specialized reviews and other non-empirical reports, called observations, which are theoretical notes, commentary, or criticism on topics appropriate to the journal's content area. The journal will only consider commentaries on articles that were published in the journal. Observations are limited to a maximum of twenty pages of text all-inclusive. Commentaries on articles should be at maximum half the length of the target article.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Robert L. Greene
Case Western Reserve

Editorial Coordinator

Andrew Cantine

Associate Editors

Jennifer Arnold
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Pierre Barrouillet
Université de Genève

Scott Brown
University of Newcastle

Michael Cortese
University of Nebraska at Omaha

Richard Gerrig
State University of New York at Stony Brook

Luis Jimenez
Universidad de Santiago

Andrea Kiesel
University of Wurzburg

Sachiko Kinoshita
Macquarie University

Barbara Malt
Lehigh University

Elizabeth Marsh
Duke University

Alissa Melinger
University of Dundee

Laura Novick
Vanderbilt University

John Philbeck
University of Wollongong

Rebekah Smith
University of Texas at San Antonio

Nash Unsworth
University of Oregon

Michael Waldmann
University of Goettingen

Consulting Editors

Jeanette Altarriba
University at Albany, State University of New York

Erik M. Altmann
Michigan State University

Sally Andrews
University of Sydney

Jason Arndt
Middlebury College

Kate Arrington
Lehigh University

Mark H. Ashcraft
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Karl-Heinz Bäuml
Regensburg University

Aaron S. Benjamin
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Julie E. Boland
University of Michigan

C. J. Brainerd
Cornell University

Gene A. Brewer
Arizona State University

Marc Brysbaert
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Tom Busey
Indiana University

Jamie I. Campbell
University of Saskatchewan

Laura Carlson
University of Notre Dame

Richard A. Carlson
Pennsylvania State University

Shana Carpenter
Iowa State University

Jason C.K. Chan
Iowa State University

Anne M. Cleary
Colorado State University

Catherine Clement
Eastern Kentucky University

Gabriel I. Cook
Claremont McKenna College

Albert Costa- Martinez
ICREA and University Pompeu Fabra

Amy H. Criss
Syracuse University

Eddy J. Davelaar
Birkbeck College, University of London

Peter F. Delaney
University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Gary S. Dell
University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign

John Dunlosky
Kent State University

John C. Dunn
University of Adelaide

Laurie Beth Feldman
University of Albany, SUNY and Haskins Labs

Myra Fernandes
University of Waterloo

David A. Gallo
University of Chicago

Tamar H. Gollan
University of California, San Diego

James A. Hampton
City University, London

Robert J. Hartsuiker
Ghent University

Alice F. Healy
University of Colorado, Boulder

Darlene V. Howard
Georgetown University

Yi-Ting Huang
University of Maryland College Park

R. Reed Hunt
University of Texas, San Antonio

Keith A. Hutchison
Montana State University

Helene Intraub
University of Delaware

Jeffrey D. Karpicke
Purdue University

Jonathan Kelly
Iowa State University

Elizabeth A. Kensinger
Boston College

Annette Kinder
Freie Universität Berlin

Karl Christoph Klauer
University of Freiburg

Iring Koch
RWTH Aachen University

Nate Kornell
Williams College

Mike Le Pelley
University of New South Wales

Robyn A. LeBouef
Washington University, St. Louis

Stephen J. Lupker
University of Western Ontario

Maryellen C. MacDonald
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Kenneth J. Malmberg
University of South Florida

Randi Martin
Rice University

Michael E. J. Masson
University of Victoria

Sven Mattys
The University of York

Mark A. McDaniel
Washington University, St. Louis

Nachshon Meiran
Ben-Gurion University of Negev

Antje S. Meyer
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and University of Birmingham

John Paul Minda
University of Western Ontario

Weimin Mou
University of Alberta

James Neely
State University of New York, Albany

Klaus Oberauer
University of Zürich

David E. Over
Durham University

Thorsten Pachur
University of Basel

Pierre Perruchet
Université de Bourgogne

Kathy Rastle
Royal Holloway, University of London

Katherine A. Rawson
Kent State University

Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz
University of Michigan

Valerie F. Reyna
Cornell University

Matthew Rhodes
Colorado State University

Henry L. Roediger, III
Washington University, St. Louis

Caren M. Rotello
University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Colleen M. Seifert
University of Michigan

Jeffrey Starns
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Adrian Staub
University of Massachusetts

Neil Stewart
University of Warwick

Gert Storms
University of Leuven

Aimée M. Surprenant
Memorial University of Newfoundland

Holly A. Taylor
Tufts University

Anjali Thapar
Bryn Mawr College

Catherine Thevenot
University of Geneva

Ayanna K. Thomas
Tufts University

Matthew Traxler
University of California, Davis

Mieke Verfaellie
Boston University

Paul Verhaeghen
Georgia Tech

Michael S. Vitevitch
University of Kansas

Ranxiao Frances Wang
University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign

Duane G. Watson
University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign

Deanne Westerman
State University of New York, Binghamton

Jennifer Wiley
University of Illinois, Chicago

Geoffrey F. Woodman
Vanderbilt University

Anna Woollams
University of Manchester

Naohide Yamamoto
Queensland University of Technology

Andrew P. Yonelinas
University of California, Davis

Johannes C. Ziegler
CNRS and University of Provence

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

  • Abstracts of Mycology
  • Academic ASAP
  • Academic OneFile
  • Academic Search Alumni Edition
  • Academic Search Complete
  • Academic Search Elite
  • Academic Search Premier
  • Academic Source Premier
  • AgeLine
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • Book Review Digest Plus
  • Business Source Alumni Edition
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents
  • Dietrich's Index Philosophicus
  • E R I C (Education Resource Information Center)
  • Education Research Complete
  • Education Research Index
  • Educators Reference Complete
  • Ergonomics Abstracts Online
  • Expanded Academic ASAP
  • F R A N C I S
  • Health & Wellness Resource Center
  • Health Reference Center Academic
  • I B Z - Internationale Bibliographie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenliteratur
  • InfoTrac Custom
  • InfoTrac OneFile
  • Internationale Bibliographie der Rezensionen Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlicher Literatur
  • Journals@Ovid
  • Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
  • M L A International Bibliography (Modern Language Association of America)
  • Neuroscience Citation Index
  • ProQuest Central
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed
  • R I L M Abstracts of Music Literature (Repertoire International de Litterature Musicale)
  • Reactions Weekly
  • Science Citation Index
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Social Sciences Index/Abstracts
  • Student Resource Center College
  • SwetsWise All Titles
  • TOC Premier
  • Wilson OmniFile Full Text Mega Edition
Instructions to Authors

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal in Rich Text Format (.rtf) or Microsoft Word Format (.doc).

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Robert L. Greene, PhD
Department of Psychology
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH 44106


Authors who are unable to use electronic submission may email their manuscript:

Send your manuscript as an attachment to Andrew Cantine.

Acceptable formats include:

  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)
  • Microsoft Word Document (.doc)

When submitting a manuscript electronically, authors should type their abstract directly into the Abstract text box in the submission form or save their abstract as a text file and copy and paste it from that file. Any special formatting (from a Word document, for example) will be lost when the form is submitted.

The editorial policy of the journal encompasses integrative articles containing multiple experiments as well as articles reporting single experiments. The journal also publishes observations, commentaries, and brief reports. Please note that brief reports are limited to 3,000 to 5,000 words in length (including references, excluding abstract and footnotes).

Cover Letter

Your cover letter must include the following information:

  • Contact information for each author, including valid email address, affiliation, mailing address, as well as phone and fax numbers
  • Type of article (commentary, brief report, or regular article)
  • A statement that your manuscript is original, not previously published, and not under concurrent consideration elsewhere
  • If your cover letter does not contain this information, you will receive a written request from JEP: LMC asking for a revised cover letter.

When submitting your manuscript, please include your cover letter in its entirety by copying it to the text box provided by the Manuscript Submission Portal. Unfortunately, the portal cannot currently accept formatted cover letters. Even if you send a formatted version of your letter to the Journal, we must also have a text version of your cover letter.

If you are submitting a revision, feel free to email the Journal a formatted version of your cover letter, though you must still also send a text version of your cover letter through the portal as you're uploading your revision.

Manuscript Submission Acknowledgement

Once authors have submitted their manuscript through the submission portal, an email acknowledging receipt of the manuscript will be sent to the corresponding author. If this acknowledgement email does not reach the corresponding author in a few days of submitting the manuscript, please contact Andrew Cantine.

Anonymous Review

Anonymous review is optional. If an author wants anonymous review, the button "Request Anonymous Review" should be selected on the submission form, and the request should be included in the author's cover letter.

The manuscript receiving anonymous review should be formatted as follows:

All author-identifying information should be removed from the manuscript, including authors' names and affiliations on the title page, footnotes, and author notes. The properties of the file should also not reveal the authors' names.

The authors' contact information should instead be included in the cover letter, which is not seen by the reviewers.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

Related Journals of Experimental Psychology

For the other JEP journals, authors should submit manuscripts according to the manuscript submission guidelines for each individual JEP journal:

When one of the editors believes a manuscript is clearly more appropriate for an alternative APA journal, the editor may redirect the manuscript with the approval of the author.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information