Law & Psychology
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Showing search results for "Law & Psychology"
- Are Six Heads as Good as Twelve?
Psychologists show how justice is better served by larger juries.
- Demonstrating the Power of Social Situations via a Simulated Prison Experiment
In 1971, a team of psychologists designed and executed an unusual experiment that used a mock prison setting, with college students role-playing prisoners and guards to test the power of the social situation to determine behavior. The research, known as the Stanford Prison Experiment, has become a classic demonstration of situational power to influence individual attitudes, values and behavior. So extreme, swift and unexpected were the transformations of character in many of the participants that this study -- planned to last two-weeks -- had to be terminated by the sixth day.
- Increasing Eyewitness Accuracy in the Lineup Procedure Is All in How You Ask the Question
Identifying the true criminal from a lineup of suspects is a classic police technique that too often leads to inaccurate arrests and convictions. Psychological research has suggested ways to improve the accuracy and fairness of this technique.
- Obeying and Resisting Malevolent Orders
Stanley Milgram's famous experiment highlights the powerful human tendency to obey authority.
- Inmate Drug Abuse Treatment Slows Prison’s Revolving Door
Psychological research shows treating prisoner's drug problems while in and after prison helps keep them off drugs, out of prison and employed.
- Segregation Ruled Unequal, and Therefore Unconstitutional
Psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark Ph.d demonstrated that segregation harmed Black children's self-images. Their testimony before the Supreme Court contributed to the landmark Supreme Court case that desegregated American public schools: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS.
- The Truth About Lie Detectors (aka Polygraph Tests)
Most psychologists agree that there is little evidence that polygraph tests can accurately detect lies.
- To Catch a Thief: The Psychology of Fingerprints
A psychologists' research showing that no two people have the same fingerprints gives law enforcement a highly reliable way to identify people who don't want to be identified.