Relevant APA Books

Responsible conduct of research (RCR) includes most of the professional activities that are part and parcel of a research career. As defined by federal agencies, RCR encompasses the following nine areas:

  • Collaborative Science
    Collaborations take place in a variety of forms, including the borrowing and lending of supplies, resources and equipment between researchers; seeking input from an expert in a different discipline; and partnering with colleagues who have a similar background or field of knowledge for fresh ideas and abilities.

  • Conflicts of Interest and Commitments
    Conflicts of interests or commitments are not inherently negative; rather, the way in which the conflict is managed is important.

  • Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing and Ownership
    This site is designed as a central location for viewing and retrieving shared data archives relevant to psychological science.

  • Human Research Protections
    Research with human participants plays a central role in advancing knowledge in the biomedical, behavioral and social sciences.

  • Lab Animal Welfare
    APA has and continues to support efforts to improve laboratory animal welfare through the implementation of policies and regulations that both maintain the integrity of scientific research and sustain the welfare of such animals.

  • Mentoring
    Mentoring a less-experienced researcher is a professional responsibility of all scientists. The ultimate goal of the mentor is to establish the trainee as an independent researcher.

  • Peer Review
    Positive peer reviews contribute to increased funding opportunities, academic advancement and a good reputation.

  • Publications Practices and Responsible Authorship
    Although researchers can disseminate their findings through many different avenues, results are most likely to be published as an article in a scholarly journal.

  • Research Misconduct
    Institutions should have procedures in place to investigate and when appropriate report findings of misconduct to the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). They should also have policies that protect both whistleblowers and the accused until a determination is made.