Melzack and Stanovich Win Grawemeyer Awards
Two psychologists, Ronald Melzack and Keith Stanovich, are recipients of Grawemeyer Awards for 2010. Melzack received the Award for Psychology, and Stanovich received the Award for Education.
Melzack, professor emeritus at McGill University, is well-known for formulating (with the late Patrick Wall) the gate control theory of pain in the 1960s. This theory has had a profound influence on psychological and neuroscientific research on pain and on the treatment of pain. His subsequent work included studies of specific pain pathways and development of the widely used McGill Pain Questionnaire.
The award to Stanovich, professor at the University of Toronto, is for his recent book What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought. In this volume, he argues that standard intelligence and aptitude tests fail to assess the judgment and decision-making skills that people use in their daily lives. He suggests that new instruments be developed for measuring these skills and that these skills be taught in schools.
The Grawemeyer Awards were established by H. Charles Grawemeyer at the University of Louisville in 1984. Currently, five awards are given each year, in psychology, education, music composition, religion, and ideas for improving world order. Each award includes a $200,000 prize. More information about the awards and winners can be found on the Grawemeyer web site.