Science Brief Archive


Examining how arousal systems and stress exposure modulate fear and extinction memory
Recent neuroscience research explores the mechanisms of normal fear and PTSD.
Dayan Knox

Are we good (enough)?
Defining and defending the morality of our groups.
Colin Wayne Leach

Psychosocial dynamics of body weight
New findings on relations of obesity with personality and discrimination.
Angelina Sutin

Women in STEM: Challenges and determinants of success and well-being
Structural, interpersonal and identity-related challenges can be buffered by a strong gender identity and sense of voice.
Isis H. Settles

How genes and environments (co)act to shape how we age cognitively
Research reveals shifting patterns of genetic and environmental influences across the adult life span.
Chandra A. Reynolds


Can psychological science serve the public good? 
See video of Nancy Cantor’s keynote address at the APA Science Leadership Conference.

Blindness: remapping the brain and the restoration of vision 
Sensory substitution technology enables sight without visual input. 
Michael Proulx

Delay of gratification in nonhuman animals 
Chimps and monkeys can display patterns of self-control similar to humans. 
Michael J. Beran 

Treatment changes in the depressive self-schema 
Research examines effects of cognitive therapy and medication on the structure of the self-schema. 
David J. A. Dozois and Lena C. Quilty

The development of relational aggression: The role of media exposure 
Educational media may have unintended effect of increasing relational aggression in young children. 
Jamie M. Ostrov

Multi-informant approaches to mental health assessment 
Using multiple informants' reports to personalize patient care. 
Andres De Los Reyes

The essential tension between leadership and power 
Why power corrupts — and how to prevent it. 
Jon K. Maner and Charleen R. Case

A great match: Psychological scientists and museum educators 
Living Laboratory® offers a new model for building public understanding of psychology as a STEM discipline. 
Marta Biarnes and Becki Kipling

Distorted body representations in healthy adults  
Experiments point to sensory inputs and cortical maps as sources of distortions. 
Matthew R. Longo


Looking on the bright side across adulthood
Eye tracking reveals changes in emotion regulation with age.
Derek M. Isaacowitz

The selective effects of emotional arousal on memory
Arousal enhances memory for high-priority information, reduces memory for low-priority information.
Mara Mather and Matthew Sutherland

Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease: An exposure science perspective
Ecological Momentary Assessment enables a more precise understanding of risk factors.
Thomas Kamarck

Attention as a central mechanism of socioemotional development  
Recent research suggests new interventions for anxiety in children and adults.
Koraly Pérez-Edgar

The intricate lives of bottlenose dolphins
Scientists reveal complex and variable forms of social and hunting behavior.
Janet Mann

More than words: disfluencies, emphasis and gesture aid in communication
Recent experiments show long-term effects on listeners' understanding and memory.
Duane G. Watson


Socioeconomic health disparities: A health neuroscience and lifecourse perspective
Brain development helps explain the link between childhood environment and adult health.
Peter J. Gianaros

Building biases: Word learning as a developmental cascade
Examining children’s behaviors in real time illuminates the mechanisms of long-term knowledge change.
Larissa Samuelson

The structure and consequences of repetitive thought
How what’s on your mind, and how, and how much, affects your health.
Suzanne Segerstrom

Neural circuits underlying behavioral flexibility
Multiple brain regions work together to adapt behavior to a changing environment.
Stan B. Floresco

Reading facial expressions of emotion
Basic research leads to training programs that improve people’s ability to detect emotions.
David Matsumoto and Hyi Sung Hwang

Motivating creativity at work: The necessity of others is the mother of invention
The combination of intrinsic motivation and taking other people's perspectives is the best route to creativity on the job.
Adam M. Grant

Back to school: Dealing with academic stress
Simple psychological interventions can reduce stress and improve academic performance.
Sian Beilock

What we remember (and forget) about positive and negative experiences
The affective responses we experience about an event influence what we later remember about that event.
Elizabeth A. Kensinger

A cultural species: How culture drove human evolution
A multi-disciplinary framework for understanding culture, cognition and behavior.
Joseph Henrich


Rational Behavior in Rats
Research concerning the comparative analysis of learning and cognition in pigeons, rats, and humans, with primary interests in spatial and causal cognition, behavioral variability, and problem solving behavior.
Aaron P. Blaisdell

Keeping Marriages Healthy, and Why It’s So Difficult
Research focusing on how marriages change or remain stable over time, and in particular how relationship maintenance is constrained or enhanced by the contexts in which it takes place.
Benjamin R. Karney

Mapping the Social Space of the Face
Research focusing on the cognitive and neural mechanisms of person perception with a particular emphasis on the social dimensions of face perception. The span of his research ranges from the social consequences of rapid, initial person impressions to the basic neural mechanisms underlying such impressions.
Alexander Todorov

How We Organize Our Experience into Events
Research focusing on event perception and spatial cognition, using converging cognitive neuroscience methods.
Jeffrey M. Zacks

Addressing Tobacco-Associated Health Disparities through Behavioral Science
Research including theoretical, behavioral, experimental, and applied investigations of tobacco use, cessation, and relapse prevention.
Monica S. Webb

Culture and Self-Expression
Cultural differences in verbal expression lead to distinctive patterns of cognitive performance, stress responses, and social support.
Heejung S. Kim

Using the lab to understand adolescent risk taking
A simple behavioral task can be used to examine the likelihood and causes of risky behaviors in adolescents.
Carl W. Lejuez

Social context influences on children’s peer relationships
Research on parent and teacher influences on children's peer relationships may lead to new interventions for ADHD.
Amori Yee Mikami

Understanding the intersection of race and marriage: Does one model fit all?
Longitudinal study is identifying multiple factors affecting marital relationships among African Americans.
Chalandra M. Bryant

Relational diversity in higher education: A psychological perspective
An individual-difference approach to investigating group interactions can lead to improvements in the experience and achievement of minority college students.
Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton