Science Brief Archive
The psychology of gains and losses: More complicated than previously thought
Attention and strategic thinking can influence responses to gains and losses.
Examining how arousal systems and stress exposure modulate fear and extinction memory
Recent neuroscience research explores the mechanisms of normal fear and PTSD.
Are we good (enough)?
Defining and defending the morality of our groups.
Colin Wayne Leach
Psychosocial dynamics of body weight
New findings on relations of obesity with personality and discrimination.
Women in STEM: Challenges and determinants of success and well-being
Structural, interpersonal and identity-related challenges can be buffered by a strong gender identity and sense of voice.
Isis H. Settles
How genes and environments (co)act to shape how we age cognitively
Research reveals shifting patterns of genetic and environmental influences across the adult life span.
Chandra A. Reynolds
Can psychological science serve the public good?
See video of Nancy Cantor’s keynote address at the APA Science Leadership Conference.
Blindness: remapping the brain and the restoration of vision
Sensory substitution technology enables sight without visual input.
Delay of gratification in nonhuman animals
Chimps and monkeys can display patterns of self-control similar to humans.
Michael J. Beran
Treatment changes in the depressive self-schema
Research examines effects of cognitive therapy and medication on the structure of the self-schema.
David J. A. Dozois and Lena C. Quilty
The development of relational aggression: The role of media exposure
Educational media may have unintended effect of increasing relational aggression in young children.
Jamie M. Ostrov
Multi-informant approaches to mental health assessment
Using multiple informants' reports to personalize patient care.
Andres De Los Reyes
The essential tension between leadership and power
Why power corrupts — and how to prevent it.
Jon K. Maner and Charleen R. Case
A great match: Psychological scientists and museum educators
Living Laboratory® offers a new model for building public understanding of psychology as a STEM discipline.
Marta Biarnes and Becki Kipling
Distorted body representations in healthy adults
Experiments point to sensory inputs and cortical maps as sources of distortions.
Matthew R. Longo
Looking on the bright side across adulthood
Eye tracking reveals changes in emotion regulation with age.
Derek M. Isaacowitz
The selective effects of emotional arousal on memory
Arousal enhances memory for high-priority information, reduces memory for low-priority information.
Mara Mather and Matthew Sutherland
Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease: An exposure science perspective
Ecological Momentary Assessment enables a more precise understanding of risk factors.
Attention as a central mechanism of socioemotional development
Recent research suggests new interventions for anxiety in children and adults.
The intricate lives of bottlenose dolphins
Scientists reveal complex and variable forms of social and hunting behavior.
More than words: disfluencies, emphasis and gesture aid in communication
Recent experiments show long-term effects on listeners' understanding and memory.
Duane G. Watson
Socioeconomic health disparities: A health neuroscience and lifecourse perspective
Brain development helps explain the link between childhood environment and adult health.
Peter J. Gianaros
Building biases: Word learning as a developmental cascade
Examining children’s behaviors in real time illuminates the mechanisms of long-term knowledge change.
The structure and consequences of repetitive thought
How what’s on your mind, and how, and how much, affects your health.
Neural circuits underlying behavioral flexibility
Multiple brain regions work together to adapt behavior to a changing environment.
Stan B. Floresco
Reading facial expressions of emotion
Basic research leads to training programs that improve people’s ability to detect emotions.
David Matsumoto and Hyi Sung Hwang
Motivating creativity at work: The necessity of others is the mother of invention
The combination of intrinsic motivation and taking other people's perspectives is the best route to creativity on the job.
Adam M. Grant
Back to school: Dealing with academic stress
Simple psychological interventions can reduce stress and improve academic performance.
What we remember (and forget) about positive and negative experiences
The affective responses we experience about an event influence what we later remember about that event.
Elizabeth A. Kensinger
A cultural species: How culture drove human evolution
A multi-disciplinary framework for understanding culture, cognition and behavior.
Rational Behavior in Rats
Research concerning the comparative analysis of learning and cognition in pigeons, rats, and humans, with primary interests in spatial and causal cognition, behavioral variability, and problem solving behavior.
Aaron P. Blaisdell
Keeping Marriages Healthy, and Why It’s So Difficult
Research focusing on how marriages change or remain stable over time, and in particular how relationship maintenance is constrained or enhanced by the contexts in which it takes place.
Benjamin R. Karney
Mapping the Social Space of the Face
Research focusing on the cognitive and neural mechanisms of person perception with a particular emphasis on the social dimensions of face perception. The span of his research ranges from the social consequences of rapid, initial person impressions to the basic neural mechanisms underlying such impressions.
How We Organize Our Experience into Events
Research focusing on event perception and spatial cognition, using converging cognitive neuroscience methods.
Jeffrey M. Zacks
Addressing Tobacco-Associated Health Disparities through Behavioral Science
Research including theoretical, behavioral, experimental, and applied investigations of tobacco use, cessation, and relapse prevention.
Monica S. Webb
Culture and Self-Expression
Cultural differences in verbal expression lead to distinctive patterns of cognitive performance, stress responses, and social support.
Heejung S. Kim
Using the lab to understand adolescent risk taking
A simple behavioral task can be used to examine the likelihood and causes of risky behaviors in adolescents.
Carl W. Lejuez
Social context influences on children’s peer relationships
Research on parent and teacher influences on children's peer relationships may lead to new interventions for ADHD.
Amori Yee Mikami
Understanding the intersection of race and marriage: Does one model fit all?
Longitudinal study is identifying multiple factors affecting marital relationships among African Americans.
Chalandra M. Bryant
Relational diversity in higher education: A psychological perspective
An individual-difference approach to investigating group interactions can lead to improvements in the experience and achievement of minority college students.
Effortful Control in the Context of Socioeconomic and Psychosocial Risk
Liliana J Lengua
What They See is What You Get: Eye Tracking of Attention in the Anxiety Disorders
Thomas Armstrong and Bunmi O. Olatunji
Considering Interactions between Genes, Environments, Biology, and Social Context
Seeing Positive: Positive Mood Enhances Visual Cortical Encoding
Adam K. Anderson
How People Organize Their Political Attitudes: The Roles of Ideology, Expertise, and Evaluative Motivation
Christopher M. Federico
The Beautiful Powers of Unconscious Thought
Biological Pathways to Psychopathology
Ahmad R. Hariri
Juggling Two Languages in One Mind
Judith F. Kroll
Perspective Taking, Diversity and Partnerships
Douglas Medin and Megan Bang
Memory Attribution: Deliberating About Memories
Brain Bases of Individual Differences in Cognition
Chantel Prat and Marcel Adam Just
Causal Theories of Mental Disorder Concepts
Woo-kyoung Ahn and Nancy S. Kim
New Directions in the Study of Children's Memory for Stressful Events
Jodi A. Quas and Cathy Hayakawa
Do Psychosocial Factors Contribute to Socioeconomic Health Disparities?
Linda C. Gallo
Cytokines Mediate the Adverse Effects of Social Stress in an Animal Model of Multiple Sclerosis
Mary W. Meagher and C. Jane R. Welch
Health Maintenance, Older Adults, and the Internet
Richard Pak and Aideen Stronge
The Realities of Conducting Laboratory Animal Research
Nancy K. Dess
The Fractal Picture of Health and Wellbeing
Guy C. Van Orden
When You're 64...
John J. McArdle
John E. Williams
The Rational Mind: Thin Colonies of Reason Amid a Savage World
Centers for Disease Control: A Source of Funding for Behavioral Science Research in Violence Prevention
W. Rodney Hammond
Psychic Numbing and Genocide1
Extinction and the Erasure of Memories
Enhancing Motivation in Sport
David E. Conroy
Donna L. Maney
Rethinking Racial Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination
Keith B. Maddox
Picking Up the Check When it's Time to Pay Attention
David A. Washburn
Commentary from the Field: An I-O Psychologist's Perspective on Licensure
Nancy T. Tippins
Psychological Science and Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Eric A. Youngstrom
Distinguished Science Award Reaches 50th Year
Mitigating the Impact of Low Health Literacy on Older Adults' Self-care
Navigating the Highway of Psychological Science
Aging Under Control?
Margie E. Lachman
Associative Learning and the Hippocampus
Wendy A. Suzuki
Automatic and Controlled Components of Implicit Stereotyping and Prejudice
Rumor and Gossip Research
Ralph L. Rosnow and Eric K. Foster
Essentialism in Everyday Thought
Susan A. Gelman
Psychologists to Capitol Hill - “Our Work Makes a Difference”
How Experience Shapes Vision
Michael J. Tarr
Father Knows Best (Unless I Know Better): Family Relationships in Late Life
Brian D. Carpenter
Can a Science of Social Influence Be Used to Stop Economic Fraud Crimes?
Anthony R. Pratkanis
Cyberinfrastructure for the Social and Behavioral Sciences
Bennett I. Bertenthal
Developmental and Evolutionary Aspects of Female Attraction to Babies
Psychological Science and Intelligent Home Technology: Supporting Functional Independence of Older Adults
Wendy A. Rogers and Arthur D. Fisk
The Perceptual Expertise Network: Innovation on Collaboration
Isabel Gauthier and Danielle D. Brown
Tobacco Harm Reduction: The Need for Research to Inform Policy
Dorthy K. Hatsukami and Mitch Zeller
Resolving Conflict in Mind and Brain
John Jonides and Derek Evan Nee
What Makes for a Great Team?
Richard J. Hackman
Jo-Anne Bachorowshi and Michael J. Owren
Auditory Processing and Hemispheric Specialization
Emotion and Cognition: The Case of Automatic Vigilance
Randy J. Larsen
Oh Where, Oh Where Have Those Early Memories Gone? A Developmental Perspective on Childhood Amnesia
Patricia J. Bauer
Violent Video Games: Myths, Facts, and Unanswered Questions
Craig A. Anderson
A See-change in Concept Learning
Robert L. Goldstone
Children and Internet Use: Social, Psychological and Academic Consequences for Low-income Children
Linda A. Jackson, Alexander vo Eye, and Frank Biocca