War can have a powerful psychological impact on participants and civilians alike.
Combat can lead to distress or even post-traumatic stress disorder, which is marked by extreme worry, re-experiencing of the event and avoidance of things reminiscent of the trauma.
Prolonged separation from family and friends can also cause problems.
Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology
For activities and resources for psychologists working with soldiers and veterans, visit APA's Military and Veteran Issues page.
What You Can Do
- Resilience in a time of war
Learn how to manage stress and uncertainty related to war.
- Resilience in a time of war: Homecoming
Tips for resilience during war homecoming for military personnel and families. Reduce stress, anxiety and culture shock with checklists and learn warning signs of PTSD.
- Resilience in a time of war: Wartime stress and teens
Wartime stress can overwhelm teens, especially those with relatives in the military or friends in ROTC.
- Find a Psychologist
- Mental Health and Related Resources for Assisting Service Members, Veterans, and Their Families
A comprehensive list of resources available from the VA, Department of Defense and other organizations.
- Anxiety disorders and effective treatment
Psychologists can help individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder and other anxiety problems recover.
- Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents & day-care providers of preschool children
Although you may think they’re too young to understand, even very young children can become frightened after seeing the news or overhearing conversations.
- Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents and teachers of middle school children
Just as your child learns reading and writing, he or she can learn the skills of resilience.
- Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents and teachers of teens
Teens look to parents and teachers to make them feel safe in a time of war.
- Community support for military families: Lending a helping hand this Fourth of July
Learn how you can express gratitude and show support to military spouses and children.
- White House Joining Forces Initiative
A comprehensive national initiative to mobilize all sectors of society to give service members and their families deserved opportunities and support.
New figures show sexual assault in the U.S. military is on the rise
May 7, 2013, CBS News
Invisible wounds of war
May 5, 2013, CBS News
'Violence risk' after military tours
March 15, 2013, BBC News
Military sexual assault victims testify before Congress
March 13, 2013, CBS News
Military may be turning to meditation for PTSD
March 2, 2013, Psych Central News
Monitor on Psychology Articles
- A hand up, not a handout
- APA’s commitment to the military community and veterans’ communities
- The waking wounded
- Exploring the link between suicide and TBI
- Helping veterans and their families