Center for Workforce Studies

CWS collects, analyzes and disseminates information relevant to psychology's workforce and education system. Subscribe to CWS email updates to receive newly released reports, disseminated four to five times per year.

View our most recent reports and Datapoints for more information.

Latest Report

Workforce DemographicsPsychology Workforce Demographics

A new report by the APA Center for Workforce Studies analyzed the demographics of the U.S. psychology workforce. Using data from the American Community Survey, the largest source of data on the U.S. population, the report presented a demographic snapshot of the psychology workforce. From 2005 to 2013, the supply of psychology workforce remained stable. The gender gap in the number of active psychologists has widened. Larger numbers of young racial/ethnic minority psychologists have been entering the field. Racial/ethnic minority psychologists tend to be younger than white psychologists.

CWS Areas of Research

Psychology Pipeline
Who is moving through the educational pipeline in psychology? Includes information on the demographic and educational backgrounds of students and graduates. Data also provided on sources of support and debt. Internship imbalance, postdoctorate experiences and the need for diversity represent additional topics that will be included in this section
Psychology Workforce
What does the workforce look like in psychology, from undergraduate through the doctoral level? Information is included on demographics and diversity, employment settings, activities, levels of compensation and satisfaction with employment.
Estimate of Need and Demand
Need is demand that is not yet actualized. This section presents information on where psychologists find employment (demand) currently as well as information on areas where psychologists are needed. Identification of areas and applications that represent areas of opportunity for employment will be included. Hard and fast forecasts are rare given the complexity of defining need and identifying an appropriate supply. It is common to make estimates in the context of certain assumptions or alternative scenarios.
Comprehensive Environmental Scan
Focusing outward on the environment we look to see how changes there may impact psychology. In short, environmental scans provide a context for the interpretation of workforce data relative to trends or possible trends in the social, technological, economic and political sectors external to but possibly related to the discipline or profession for which the workforce analysis is conducted. These trends may have a potential impact on supply and demand issues. A scan also includes data from the discipline itself that may impact supply and demand, e.g., masters versus doctoral degree discussion, prescription privileges.

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