Section 16. Doctoral-Level Salaries For Selected Positions

The previous sections have presented national data on the salaries/net incomes of doctoral-level and master's-level respondents who report full-time employment. This section provides geographic breakdowns of doctoral-level salaries.

Table 16.A presents data on median salaries and median years since the doctorate by geographic region and position. All full-time respondents were categorized into regions on the basis of zip code. Numbers are less than the totals for each region because respondents may be missing data on salary, position or employment setting.

The category of "independent practice" includes licensed psychologists who are involved in individual, group, or medical-psychological group practices. Faculty positions in universities are limited to those who identify their primary employment setting as psychology departments, education departments, business departments or schools, or other academic units located in universities. "Faculty in other settings" includes those in other academic settings such as research centers, four- and two-year colleges, and medical schools. Medical school faculty typically are paid on an 11-12-month basis. The academic-year (9-10-month) medians given in Table 16.A can be converted to their calendar-year equivalents by multiplying by 11/9.

The figures in this table should not be applied to an individual salary or setting but should be used only in making very general comparisons among the different regions and positions. This is because the median salaries may be affected by factors such as gender, year of degree, years of experience, employment setting, field of degree and cost of living in a specific area. To illustrate one of these factors, years of experience has been provided for each category and region.

Table 16.B and Table 16.C present data on the median salaries of doctoral-level faculty in university settings and for licensed doctoral-level psychologists involved in the delivery of direct human services in independent practice settings. Salaries for these two tables are presented by selected metropolitan areas. Inclusion of a city in Table 16.B first hinged on its availability in the Inter-City Cost of Living Index report produced by the American Chamber of Commerce Researcher's Association (ACCRA) and then on a sufficient number of responses from that city. Both adjusted median salary and actual salary are reported, as is the size of the group on which the salary is based. The adjusted salary data for this table were based on urban area index data from the third quarter of 1997. This index measures and reports prices for consumer goods and services for cities that supply this information. Table 16.C includes those metropolitan areas for which the cost of living indices were unavailable but had a sufficient number of responses from each city. Therefore, given that the salaries in Table 16.C are not adjusted for regional differences in cost of living, caution should be exercised when interpreting these salaries.

Similarly, Table 16.D provides data on the median salaries of doctoral-level university faculty and for licensed doctoral-level independent practitioners involved in direct human service by state. Those states with fewer than 10 respondents were excluded. This table also does not account for regional differences in cost of living. Hence, state-by-state comparisons should be made with this in mind.


Table 16.A: 1997 Median Salaries and Median Years Since the Doctoral Degree for Psychologists by Region and Position

Table 16.B: 1997 Median Salaries Adjusted for Cost of Living in Selected Metropolitan Areas

Table 16.C: 1997 Median Salaries for Other Selected Metropolitan Areas

Table 16.D: 1997 Median Salaries for Selected States