Section 15. Doctoral-Level Salaries by Sex, Race/Ethnicity and Years of Work Experience

This section presents doctoral-level salaries broken down by gender, race/ethnicity and years of experience. Where possible (given sufficient Ns) the data also have been analyzed by type of position. As is obvious, some of the categories have been left blank because there are too few responses on which to base summary statistics.

Table 15.A presents salary data by years of work experience and gender. In general, the median salaries of men are substantially higher than those reported by women. However, the disparities are less pronounced for men and women with less than 10 years of work experience. These smaller differences among "newer" psychologists have been observed in other survey results. It is speculated that they may be due to efforts among employers to render salaries paid to women and men more equitable. The largest gender discrepancy in favor of men are evidenced in the 20-24 years and 25-29 years of work experience.

Table 15.B contains salary data by sex, years of experience and employment position. Similarly, with few exceptions, the salaries of men exceed those reported by women.

In Table 15.C, salaries are reported by years of experience and race/ethnicity. Differences among the median salaries do exist although they may not be substantive. Salary data are displayed by years of experience and minority status in Table 15.D. Medians for minority and white psychologists do not differ greatly, but where differences do exist, they are consistently in favor of white psychologists. The two sets of salaries are more equitable among those with 2-4 years, 5-9 years, 10-14 years, and 20-24 years of experience. The widest disparity in salaries is evidenced among psychologists with 25-29 years, followed by 15-19 years, and then by 30 or more years of work experience.

Table 15.A: Full-time Salaries of Doctoral-level Respondents Across All Settings by Years of Work Experience and Gender: 1997

Table 15.B: Doctoral-level Salaries in Selected Full-time Employment Positions by Gender and Years of Work Experience: 1997

Table 15.C: Full-time Salaries of Doctoral-level Respondents Across All Settings by Years of Work Experience and Race/ethnicity: 1997

Table 15.D: Full-time Salaries of Doctoral-level Respondents Across All Settings by Years of Work Experience and Minority Status: 1997