Section 14. Masters - Level Respondents
This section contains salary information broken out by position for master's-level respondents, and by years of experience when there are sufficient numbers of respondents (N=5). Figures and tables for this section follow the text.
There were 72 master's-level respondents in the 1997 Salary Survey who worked full time in faculty positions. Thirty-five percent of the respondents were employed in two-year college settings, 31% were located in university settings (mostly within departments of psychology), and almost 14% were working in four-year college settings. About 8% were found in medical school settings. The overall median 9-10-month faculty salary was $40,500 for master's-level respondents.
The subfields reported most often by the master's-level faculty were both clinical psychology and general/methods and systems at 19% each. Developmental psychology was mentioned by 10%. Finally, industrial/organizational psychology and education/teaching each were claimed by 8% of the respondents.
Only 17 respondents were in this position. Of those, 35% were employed in school system district offices, 12% were in elementary and secondary schools, and 12% were in university administrative offices.
Forty-one percent of the respondents identified school psychology as their subfield, followed by clinical psychology (18%), and then counseling psychology (12%). Less than 7% of the psychologists in educational administration each came from other subfields (e.g., industrial/organizational, special education, physiological/psychobiology).
The overall 11-12-month median salary at the master's level was $51,000 for those employed full time in educational administration.
There were 30 respondents in research positions in 1997. Private research organizations employed 17% of the respondents. Ten percent each were positioned in government research organizations, consulting firms, hospitals and various non-profit organizations. Seven percent each were either self-employed, or were working in business/industry, a university setting, or a school system district office.
The largest single proportion reported that industrial/organizational psychology was their major field (17%), followed by quantitative/mathematics/psychometrics/statistics (10%). Seven percent (N=2) chose one of each of the following fields: clinical, general/methods and systems, and social. Three percent each (N=1) reported experimental, community, counseling, education, neuroscience, psychopharmacology, child clinical, and computer science as a major field.
The overall median 11-12-month salary in research positions at the master's level was $47,500.
There were only 16 respondents in this position at the master's level in 1997. The largest percentage of this group were employed in private research organizations (25%). Nineteen percent each were employed in business/industry or government organizations. Various non-profit organizations employed about 13% of these master's-level respondents. Six percent each were either self-employed, or were positioned in consulting firms, university settings, or hospitals.
The majority of the respondents in this category were clinical psychologists or industrial/organizational psychologists (19% each). The subfields of social psychology, quantitative/mathematics/psychometrics/statistics, and social/behavioral science were each represented at 13%. Six percent of these master's-level respondents identified developmental psychology and public administration each as their subfields.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for master's-level respondents in research administration was $67,500. It is important to remember that this is based on a small N and should be interpreted with caution.
Direct Human Services
Clinical. Two hundred and thirty-eight respondents indicated that they were providing services in clinical psychology at the master's level. The largest single proportion of respondents was employed in individual or group practices (35%). That was followed by 15% in hospitals and clinics each. Specifically, the majority of these hospital employees worked in public psychiatric hospitals (6%), and the largest proportion of respondents within clinics worked at community mental health centers (13%). Eleven percent of the respondents were employed with the government, of which the largest proportion claimed that they worked within the criminal justice system (8%). Thirteen percent of the respondents worked in other human service settings such as nursing homes, non-university affiliated guidance centers, and rehabilitation facilities. Fewer than 6% of the respondents were employed in other settings such as business or industry, nonprofit organizations, and universities and colleges.
The overall median 11-12-month salary was $40,000 for master's-level respondents who indicated clinical as a major field and who are involved in the delivery of direct human services.
Counseling. There were 111 respondents in this category. Thirty-four percent were employed in individual or group practices. Clinics and hospitals claimed 19% and 14%, respectively. Eighteen percent were located in other human service settings (e.g., nursing homes). About 5% each were in educational (e.g., secondary schools) and government settings.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for a master's-level position providing counseling psychology services was $40,000.
School. The majority of the 108 respondents in this category were employed in educational settings (83%), comprising 47% in elementary/secondary schools, 22% in school system district offices, and 14% in other educational settings (e.g., vocational education). Only 6% of these respondents each worked for the various other human service settings (e.g., nursing home, rehabilitation facility) and the government. Less than 5% each were in other settings such as universities and colleges, independent practices, and business/industry.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for master's-level individuals providing school psychology services was $57,000 in 1997.
Other Psychological Subfields. One hundred and sixty master's-level individuals were involved in direct human services and were in a field other than clinical, counseling and school psychology. Most of the respondents (11%) identified counseling as their major field. Almost one quarter of the respondents were in individual or group practices (24%), and 27% were in service provider settings such as nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, specialized health services, guidance centers, and student counseling centers. Government organizations claimed 13% of these master's-level respondents, most of whom were employed with the criminal justice system (6%). Clinics and hospitals each employed 12% and 8% of these individuals, respectively.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for respondents in this category was $42,000.
Administration of Human Services
There were 146 respondents in this position in 1997. Slightly more than one fifth of the respondents (23%) were employed in clinics, 16% of which comprised community mental health clinics, 5% comprising outpatient clinics, and 2% consisting of HMOs. Sixteen percent were employed in a hospital setting, and 13% worked within a specialized health service (e.g., substance abuse program, service for mental retardation). Twelve percent were employed by the government. Of that proportion, the majority worked within the criminal justice system (8%), followed by state and government agencies at 2% each. Eight percent each were positioned in other human service settings and other nonprofit organizations. Three percent each identified rehabilitation facilities, university/college counseling centers, school system district office, and other educational settings as their primary employment setting. Only 2% each claimed that they worked in a group psychological practice or in the business/industry sector.
The largest proportion of respondents reported clinical as their major field (29%). Twenty-three percent reported counseling psychology, while 11% claimed community psychology. Seven percent of the respondents were in school psychology, and 4% were each in general/methods and systems, rehabilitation psychology, and counseling.
The overall 11-12-month median salary was $50,000 for master's-level respondents working as human service administrators.
Administration of Applied Psychology
Only 13 respondents identified themselves in this position, the majority of which were employed in consulting firms (46%), followed by the criminal justice system (15%). All other employment settings were represented at less than 8% each.
As expected, the majority of respondents in this category were industrial/organizational psychologists (46%). All other subfields were represented at less than 8% each.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for master's-level respondents in administration of applied psychology was $60,000. Due to the small sample of respondents for this category, this data should be interpreted with caution. Salaries of other master's-level psychologists (particularly industrial/organizational psychologists) involved in the administration of applied psychology may also be found in the salary report by SIOP entitled, Income of SIOP Members in 1994 (Zickar and Taylor, 1996).
Other Administrative Positions
There were 47 respondents who indicated employment in other administrative positions (e.g., budgeting, personnel administration). Twenty-six percent were in business/industry settings, followed by 17% in government settings (local, state, federal, and criminal justice system). Fifteen percent of the respondents were employed in various nonprofit organizations and 9% were employed in hospital settings.
Respondents were in a variety of subfields. Twenty-three percent identified themselves as industrial/organizational psychologists, 15% as clinical psychologists, and 6% each claimed general/methods and systems, counseling psychology, educational psychology, and business/management. Political science and community psychology subfields were represented at about 4% each. All other subfields were represented at 2% or less.
The overall 11-12-month median salary for those at the master's level in administrative positions was $60,000.
Applied Positions (Industrial/Organizational Psychology)
Seventy-four respondents were located in applied psychology positions and were in industrial/organizational psychology. The majority of the respondents were employed outside of educational and human service provider settings. Thirty-nine percent were employed in business or industry and 36% could be found in consulting firms. About 14% were employed in government and 4% were self-employed.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for master's-level respondents in applied (I/O) positions was $60,000. Salaries of other master's-level industrial/organizational psychologists may also be obtained in the salary report by SIOP entitled, Income of SIOP Members in 1994 (Zickar and Taylor, 1996).
Applied Positions (Other Psychological Subfields)
Only 30 respondents were identified in this position at the master's level. Thirty-seven percent were located in consulting firms, while 23% were in government settings. Ten percent could be found in business/industry and 7% were self-employed.
Most of the respondents identified clinical psychology (23%) or counseling psychology (20%) as their subfield. Ten percent of the respondents were in quantitative/mathematical/ psychometrics/statistics subfield.
The overall median 11-12-month salary for master's-level applied psychology positions in fields other than I/O was $59,500.