Leading To Safety
E. Kevin Kelloway, Ph.D.
Catherine Loughlin, Ph.D.
E. Kevin Kelloway is Canada Research Chair in Occupational Health Psychology and Director of the CN Centre for Occupational Health and Safety at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. An active researcher, he is a Fellow of both the Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology and the Association for Psychological Science. He serves on several editorial boards and is Associate Editor of both Work & Stress and the International Journal of Workplace Health Management. His current research and consulting focuses on issues of workplace violence as well as the implications of leadership for occupational health and safety.
Catherine Loughlin received her Ph.D. from Queen's University and taught Organizational Behavior at Queen's and the University of Toronto. She holds a Canada Research Chair in Management, and is on the boards of the CN Centre for OHS and Centre for Leadership Excellence at St. Mary's University. She has published empirical papers (e.g., Journal of Experimental Psychology, Journal of Applied Psychology), and co-authored book chapters on work stress, workplace health and safety, and the quality of youth employment. She consults in leadership, work stress, and OHS.
There is now considerable empirical and anecdotal evidence that organizational leaders play a key role in promoting occupational health and safety. In this workshop we focus on the key behaviors that define effective safety leadership. Through both presentations and cases study exercises, we identify both the general principles of safety leadership as well as the specific actions appropriate for leaders at different levels in the organization. Moreover, drawing on both empirical research and experience in organizations, we identify effective techniques for enhancing safety leadership within organizations.
At the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:
[a] define the core dimensions of transformational safety leadership
[b] identify specific safety leadership behaviors for each of front-line supervisors, mid-level managers and senior executives
[c] formulate a plan for enhancing safety leadership in organizations.
Economic Evaluation of Occupational Safety and Health Interventions with Applications to Work Related Stress
Rene Pana-Cryan, Ph.D.
Frank Hearl, P.E.
Tapas Ray, Ph.D.
Abay Asfaw, Ph.D.
Rene Pana-Cryan is a Senior Scientist in the Office of the NIOSH Director. In that role she provides technical and policy advice to the Director and the Associate Director for Science regarding the scientific quality, appropriateness, technical feasibility, and program relevance of existing and proposed Institute activities. In addition, she serves as the Coordinator of the Economics Program of the NIOSH Program Portfolio. In that role she provides recommendations for priority setting, as well as leadership and technical assistance for the development of research and evaluation projects in economics. Dr. Pana-Cryan joined NIOSH in 1996 as a post-doctoral Prevention Effectiveness Fellow. She has a B.S. in Plant Science, a B.S. in Accounting and Finance, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Food and Resource Economics.
Frank Hearl is the Associate Director for Program Development and the Chief of Staff for NIOSH. He is also the Program Manager for the NIOSH Economics Program, and Acting Director for Research and Technology Transfer, operating the NIOSH Research to Practice (r2p) program. Mr. Hearl was the NIOSH industrial hygiene lead on studies of silica, silicosis, and lung cancer for an international project with the National Cancer Institute and the Tongji Medical College in Wuhan, China. He was the Team Leader for the National Occupational Research Agenda mixed exposures team which produced a National Research Agenda for assessing cumulative workplace risk. An Advanced Toastmaster-Silver, Mr. Hearl is a regular invited lecturer at George Washington University and Hood College. He holds a Bachelors’ degree in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University (1974); and a Masters degree from M.I.T. (1980); and is a licensed Professional Engineer in Maryland and West Virginia. Mr. Hearl has been with NIOSH for 35 years.
Tapas Ray is an economist and Senior Service Fellow in the NIOSH Division of Applied Research and Technology. He provides recommendations for priority setting, as well as technical assistance to the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Manufacturing Sector Council and the Work Organization and Stress-Related Disorders Program of the NIOSH Program Portfolio. His areas of specialization are industrial organization and environmental and regulatory economics. Involved in projects of national and international significance that relate to workers’ safety and health, his current interests are work stress, long work hours, and economic evaluation of ergonomic interventions. Before joining CDC in 2004 as a post-doctoral Prevention Effectiveness Fellow, Dr. Ray taught at the University of Connecticut. He has a M.S. and Ph.D. in Economics and a Diploma in Software Engineering.
Abay Asfaw (Getahun) is an economist and Senior Service Fellow in the Office of the NIOSH Director. He joined NIOSH in May 2008 and conducts research on the economics of occupational health and safety. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Bonn, Germany. Prior to his current position, Dr. Asfaw was a consultant at the World Bank and a post-doctoral Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, DC.
This workshop will introduce prevention effectiveness methods of decision analysis and economic evaluation, and the principles used to assess the costs and effectiveness of interventions. At the conclusion of the workshop, participants should be able to 1) recognize the usefulness of decision analytic methods in occupational safety and health research; 2) construct and use a decision tree (2) identify three economic methods that can be used to evaluate interventions (3) plan a prevention effectiveness study for a specific intervention 4) calculate and interpret average and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, and (5) analyze and critically evaluate a published article that manifests decision analytic and economic evaluation methods. Participants will have the opportunity to work through and discuss an interactive case study.
Occupational Stress: The Current State of Science and Practive
Steve M. Jex, Ph.D.
Steve M. Jex is currently Associate Professor of Industrial/Organizational Psychology at Bowling Green State University and Guest Scientist at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. He has also held faculty positions at Central Michigan University and the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Dr. Jex received his Ph.D. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from the University of South Florida and has spent most of his post-doctoral career conducting research on occupational stress. His research has appeared in a number of scholarly journals including Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, and Work & Stress. His also serves on two editorial boards. In addition to his research and editorial activities, Dr. Jex is the author of two books, Stress and Job Performance: Theory, Research, and Implications for Managerial Practice and Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach.
This workshop will provide participants an overview of the science and practice of occupational stress. It will be aimed at human resource and occupational health professionals, although anyone with an interest in occupational stress (e.g., researchers, physicians, etc.) will find the information useful. The workshop will contain three general components. First, participants will be provided with a brief overview of the current state of scientific research on occupational stress. Secondly, participants will be provided with information on how to assess stress levels within their own organizations—a packet of measures will be provided. Finally, participants will be provided with information on interventions designed to decrease stress in organizations. The two general approaches to this will be decreasing or prevention of stressors, and prevention and treatment of stress-related symptomatology.
Workshop Learning Objectives
After completing this workshop, participants should:
Understand the basic terminology that is used in occupational stress research.
Know the most common sources of employee stress (e.g., stressors) in organizations.
Know the general findings that have been obtained by occupational stress research.
Understand the different approaches to the assessment of stressors and strains within their organizations.
Understand the criteria that are typically used to evaluate stress measures.
Recognize the different approaches to the reduction of stress within organizations.
Understand the basic steps involved in designing, implementing, and evaluating stress-related interventions in organizations.
State of the Art in Work Engagement: Research and Practice
Marisa Salanova, Ph.D.
Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Ph.D.
Marisa Salanova, is Full Professor of Social Psychology, specializing in Work and Organizational Psychology at the University Jaume I, Castellón, Spain. She is director of the Work Organization Network Research Team at that University. She has over 200 national and international publications on work-related stress, addiction to work, HR development, and Positive Psychology. She has published in journals of impact as Journal of Applied Psychology, Applied Psychology: An International Review, Anxiety, Stress & Coping, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Computers in Human Behavior, among others. Dr. Salanova actively participates in competitive research projects and granted by public funds (MEC, GVA), and in consulting and advising companies on the prevention of psychosocial risks, training and HR processes, executed with R & D contracts (AENA , City of Mataró, City of Santa Coloma de Gramenet, ENAC, Colorker, La Magdalena Hospital, Teknon Clinical Center, among others). She is a member of the editorial board of the journals: Applied Psychology: An International Review, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Behavior, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Psicothema and Anxiety and Stress. Finally she is also a member of international scientific associations as EAWOP (European Association on Work and Organizational Psychology) of the HPAI (International Association of Applied Psychology) of SOHP (Society for Occupational Health Psychology) and the IPPA (International Positive Psychology Association).
Wilmar B. Schaufeli is full Professor of Work and Organizational Psychology at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. Currently he is visiting professor at Loughborough Business School, UK, and Jaume I Universitat, Castellon, Spain, as well as senior consultant at C4ob. He is an active and productive researcher in the field of occupational health psychology, with over three-hundred articles and chapters, and (co-) authored or edited over twenty books. Initially, his research interest was particularly on job stress and burnout, but in recent years this shifted towards positive occupational health issues such as work engagement. Dr. Schaufeli is a licensed occupational health psychologist, who has been involved in psychotherapeutic treatment of burned-out employees and is now advising companies on how to build work engagement. Some major clients are Philips, ING, Orange, KLM, ABN, Siemens and Solvay. He serves a member of the editorial board of – amongst others – the European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Work & Stress, the International Journal of Stress Management, the Journal of Applied Psychology: An International Review, and the Journal of Managerial Psychology. Finally he is also a member of international scientific associations such as American Psychological Association (APA), International Association of Stress Management (ISMA), International Committee of Occupational Health (ICOH), European Association on Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP), International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), Society for Occupational Health Psychology (SOHP) and the International Positive Psychology Association (IPPA).
In this workshop, we will introduce a relatively new concept, work engagement, which refers to optimal functioning of people in organizations. Work engagement is a positive psychological state that is characterized by high levels of energy and vigor, enthusiasm and dedication to work, and being completely absorbed while working. The workshop provides a systematic, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of our current knowledge on work engagement in a global context. We will discuss state of the art international research findings as well as worksite applications. Both co-presenters are leading experts in the field, who combine heading research groups at their universities in Holland (Utrecht) and Spain (Castellon) with their work as senior consultants.
More specifically, the workshop will start with an overview of the recent changes in the world of work that call for engaged, instead of merely healthy or satisfied employees. Next, the concept of work engagement is introduced, including they way it can be assessed. Participants will fill out an engagement questionnaire and receive feedback on their score. This will be followed by a discussion of theories which illuminate the psychological mechanisms underlying work engagement, as well as individual and organization based interventions to increase work engagement. Participants are encouraged to share their own (theoretical) views as well as practical experiences with building engagement.
Taken together, the workshop aims to review critically the current academic knowledge and practical experience on work engagement for both researchers and professionals. After attending the workshop, participants in the fields of HRM, management, and occupational health will be able to apply the concept of work engagement in today’s organizations. As experts in the field, we are convinced that this workshop contributes to innovative HRM policies that enhance optimal functioning of employees and organizations.
Best Practices For Conducting Cross-Cultural Occupational Health Research
Jose M. Peiró, Ph.D.
Jose M. Peiró is currently Professor of Work and Organizational (W&O) Psychology of the University of Valencia. He is Director of the Research Institute of Human Resources Psychology, Org. Development and Quality of Working life (IDOCAL). He is also senior researcher at the IVIE (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas). Dr. Peiró is President of Division 1: Organizational Psychology of IAAP. He served as President of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP) and is Fellow member of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP) and the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology (EAOHP). He was former Associate Editor of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. He has published articles in scientific journals on occupational stress, psychosocial risk prevention at work, absenteeism training in organizations, organizational climate, team work, and customer satisfaction in service organizations. He has been a member of several international research projects such as Work socialization of Youth (WOSY), First Organizational Climate Unified Survey (FOCUS), Anticipatory analysis of Competence needs in SMEs (PROACTIVE) and Psychological Contract across employment situations (PSYCHONES).
Globalization is creating new challenges for researchers and practitioners who aim to contribute to the study of psychosocial risk analysis and prevention. There are new phenomena that deserve attention, such as the study of stress caused by living and working in a global context and the implications it has for work and health. Work previously carried out in developed countries is now being re-located to developing countries, and it opens new relevant issues such as working conditions, risks and implications for workers’ health and well-being. Moreover, national and cultural characteristics of the different places also have an impact on the psychosocial risks and on work stress. So, new challenges are raised to improve our understanding of the new risks and more research is needed to better understand the cross-cultural aspects of stress at work.
In Europe there is a tradition of carrying on participatory cross-cultural research, which aims to avoid the limitations of what has been labelled as “safari research”. Safari research aims to collect data from different countries but with the model and instruments of one country or dominant culture and then analyze and study those data in the country or culture where the research was designed. Instead of that, participatory research aims to integrate in the research team, since the beginning of the project, researchers from every country where data will be gathered. Often a social contract is established between all the participants where responsibilities and entitlements are clearly described. Moreover, the team is active all along the project and discusses the relevant issues for the project: theoretical model, research design, instruments, sampling, procedures for data gathering, etc.
During the workshop, the research project “Psychological Contract across Employment situations” (PSYCONES) will be presented. This is a cross-cultural project aiming to analyze the implication of temporary vs. permanent contracts on health, and the role played in this relationship by psychological contract and HRM practices. The project has been carried out in six European countries and Israel. During the workshop the strategies followed for the design and the development of the project, the coordination of the research team and the rationale followed to carry on the research will be presented and discussed.
The aim of the workshop is to present some experiences on cross-cultural research on occupational health psychology. Based on these presentations, participants will learn new knowledge and skills about carrying on cross-cultural research on occupational health. By using the example described above as a case study, workshop participants will apply these methodological and study design principles to their own research interests through interactive exercises and discussion.
Continuing Education Information
This program has been reviewed and approved by the APA Office of Continuing Education in Psychology, which maintains responsibility for the content of the program. The total number of seven (7) psychology credits available for the pre-conference workshops and during the conference. The Division of Continuing Education and Professional Studies of the Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, has reviewed the submitted curricular design approved by the Office for Health Professionals Credentialing and the Puerto Rico Physicians Board of Examiners for a maximum allowed six (6) credit units.
The Division of Continuing Education and Professional Studies of the Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, has reviewed the submitted curricular design approved by the Office for Health Professionals Credentialing and the Puerto Rico Physicians Board of Examiners for a maximum allowed 27 credit units.
Preconference Workshops Committee
Autumn D. Krauss, PhD
Kristen E. Charles, PhD
Christopher J. L. Cunningham, PhD
The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Kathleen M. Kowalski-Trakofler, PhD