Are CRIS Cluster Patterns Differentially Associated with African-American Enculturation and Social Distance?

Article-Based Exam
Online Exam
$40.00 – List Price
$30.00 – Member/Affiliate Price
CE Credits
Exam Items
This article investigates Black racial identity cluster patterns using the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS) as related to preference for African-American culture and social distance from various cultural groups. The article identifies six racial identity cluster patterns.
Learning Objectives
  • Identify the six racial identity cluster patterns found using the CRIS.
  • Describe the identity cluster patterns that preferred more and less social distance from various cultural groups.
  • Explain the implications of the CRIS racial identity cluster patterns for future research.  
Related Article(s)
PDF icon Download articles (PDF, 381KB)

Shannon Chavez-Korell, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Educational Psychology at The University of Wisconsin — Milwaukee. Her research focuses on racial and ethnic identity attitudes and their relationship to social behavior and health outcomes.

Beverly J. Vandiver, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling and Special Education at Penn State University.          


Division 17This Continuing Education program is in partnership with the Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology).

How to purchase

Online Tests

  • This exam is available online and can only be purchased online. Phone orders will not be accepted.

  • You cannot purchase two or more of the same online exam.

  • A valid email address or your UserID and a password are required during the ordering process. When the order is complete, you will receive an email notification with instructions on how to retrieve the exam. The exam is available immediately.

More CE On
More CE of This Type