Stress in America Research List

Much scientific literature has been published on obesity, stress and willpower. Following is a quick list of research published in the past decade or so. Visit the American Psychological Association’s website for additional research and information on these and other behavioral health and psychological topics.


Fitch, J.L. & Ravlin, E.C. (2005). “Willpower and Perceived Behavioral Control: Influences on the Intention-Behavior Relationship and Postbehavior Attributions.” Social Behavior and Personality, Vol. 33, pp. 105-123.

Gailliot, M.T. (2007). “Self-Control Relies on Glucose as a Limited Energy Source: Willpower Is More Than a Metaphor.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 92, pp. 325-336.

Gailliot, M.T. & Baumeister, R.F. (2007). “The Physiology of Willpower: Linking Blood Glucose to Self-Control.” Personality and Social Psychology Review, Vol. 11, pp. 303-327.

Vohs, K.D. and Baumeister, R.F. (2009). “Addiction and Free Will.” Addiction Research and Theory, Vol. 16, pp. 231-235.


Ball, K., Campbell, K.J. & Crawford, D.A. (2006). Family Food Environment and Dietary
Behaviors Likely to Promote Fatness in 5–6 Year-Old Children. International Journal of Obesity,
Vol. 30, pp. 1272-1280.

Bannon, K. & Schwartz, M.B. (2006). The Impact of Nutrition Messages on Children’s Food
Choice: A pilot study. Appetite, Vol. 46, pp. 124-129.

Berkey, C.S., Colditz, G.A., Field, A.E., Frazier, A.L., Gillman, M.W., Taveras, E.M,
Rifas-Shiman, S.L. & Rockett, R.H. (2005). Family Dinner and Adolescent Overweight.
Obesity Research, Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 900-906.

Birch, L.L. & Davison, K.K. (2001). Childhood Overweight: a contextual model and
recommendations for future research. The International Association for the Study of Obesity,
Obesity Reviews, Vol. 2, pp. 159-171.

Boniface, D., Carnell, S., Croker, H., Edwards, C. & Wardle, J. (2005). Parental Perceptions of
Overweight in 3–5 Year-Olds. International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 29, pp. 353-355.

Bowels, C. & Hackie, M. (2007). Maternal Perceptions of Their Overweight Children. Public
Health Nursing
. Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 538-546.

Brian E.S. & Lenna, L. (2007). Clinician’s Comment on Treatment of Childhood Overweight
Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 533-536.

Brownell, K.D. & Schwartz, M.B. (2007). Actions Necessary to Prevent Childhood Obesity:
Creating the climate for change. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 78-89.

Brownell, K.D., Schwartz, M.B. & Vartanian, L. (2007). Soft Drinks, Nutrition, and Health.
American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 97, pp. 667-675.

Brownell, K.D., Gapinski, K.D. & Schwartz, M.B. (2006). Can Television Change Anti-fat
Attitudes and Behavior? Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, Vol. 11, pp. 1-28.

Brownell, K.D., Nosek, B., Schwartz, M.B. & Vartanian, L. (2006). The Influence of One’s Own Body Weight on Implicit and Explicit Anti-Fat Bias. Obesity Research, Vol. 14, pp. 440-447.

Brownell, K.D., Puhl, R.M., Rudd, L. & Schwartz, M.B. (2005). Weight Bias: Nature,
consequences and remedies
. New York: Guilford Press.

Ernst, M.M., Epstein, L.H., Gordy, C.C., Paluch, R.A. & Saelens, B.E. (2000). Problem
Solving in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 68, No. 4, pp. 717-721.

Heinberg, L.J. & Thompson, J.K. (Eds.). (2009). Obesity in Youth: Causes, consequences, and
American Psychological Association.

Latner, J.D. & Puhl, R. (2007). Stigma, Obesity, and the Health of the Nation’s Children.
Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 133, No. 4, pp. 557-580.

Pugliese, J. & Tinsley, B. (2007). Parental Socialization of Child and Adolescent Physical
Activity: A meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 331-343.

Schwartz, M.B. (2007). The Influence of a Verbal Prompt on School Lunch Fruit Consumption: A pilot study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 4, No. 6.

Sen, B. (2006). Frequency of Family Dinner and Adolescent Body Weight Status: Evidence from
the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997. OBESITY, Vol. 14, No. 12.

Stroebe, W. (2008). Dieting, Overweight, and Obesity: Self-regulation in a food-rich environment. American Psychological Association.

Thompson, J.K. (Ed.). (2003). Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity: An integrative guide for assessment and treatment. American Psychological Association.


Ackard, D.M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M. & Perry, C. (2006). “Parent-Child Connectedness and Behavioral and Emotional Health Among Adolescents.” American Journal of Preventative Medicine, Vol. 30, pp. 59-66.

Anderson, N.B. (1998). “Levels of Analysis in Health Science: A Framework for Integrating Sociobehavioral and Biomedical Research,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 840, pp. 563-576.

Anderson, N.B. & Anderson, P.E. (2003). Emotional Longevity: what really determines how long you live. New York: Viking.

Aronen, E.T., Paavonen, E.J., Jallberg, M.F., Soininen, M. & Torrenen, J. (2000). “Sleep and psychiatric symptoms in school-age children.” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 39, pp. 502-508.

Baum, A. (1990). “Stress, Intrusive Imagery, and Chronic Distress,” Health Psychology, Vol. 6, pp. 653-675.
Baum, A. and Polsusnzy, D. (1999). “Health Psychology: Mapping Biobehavioral Contributions to Health and Illness.” Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 50, pp. 137-63.

Dallman, M., et al.  (2003). “Chronic stress and obesity: A new view of ‘comfort food.’” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 100, pp. 11696–11701.
Fox, K.R. (1999). “The influence of physical activity on mental well-being.” Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 2, pp. 411-418.
McEwen, B.S. (2004). “Protection and Damage from Acute and Chronic Stress: Allostasis and Allostatic Overload and Relevance to the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders.” Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1032, pp. 1-7.

Patrick, H. & Nicklas, T.A. (2005). “A Review of Family and Social Determinants of Children’s Eating Patterns and Diet Quality.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 24, pp. 83-92.

Sinha, R. (2008). “Chronic Stress, Drug Use, and Vulnerability to Addiction.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1141, pp. 105-130. 

Vgontzas, A.N., et al. (1997). “Chronic insomnia and activity of the stress system: a preliminary study.” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 45, pp. 21-31.