Consensual Qualitative Research: A Practical Resource for Investigating Social Science Phenomena
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
This lively and practical text presents a fresh and comprehensive approach to conducting consensual qualitative research (CQR). CQR is an inductive method that is characterized by open-ended interview questions, small samples, a reliance on words over numbers, the importance of context, an integration of multiple viewpoints, and consensus of the research team. It is especially well-suited to research that requires rich descriptions of inner experiences, attitudes, and convictions.
Written to help researchers navigate their way through qualitative techniques and methodology, leading expert Clara E. Hill and her associates provide readers with step-by-step practical guidance during each stage of the research process. Readers learn about adaptive ways of designing studies; collecting, coding, and analyzing data; and reporting findings.
Key aspects of the researcher's craft are addressed, such as establishing the research team, recruiting and interviewing participants, adhering to ethical standards, raising cultural awareness, auditing within case analyses and cross analyses, and writing up the study.
Intended as a user-friendly manual for graduate-level research courses and beyond, the text will be a valuable resource for both budding and experienced qualitative researchers for many years to come.
I. General Overview of Consensual Qualitative Research
- Introduction to Consensual Qualitative Research
Clara E. Hill
- Philosophical and Historical Background of Consensual Qualitative Research
Jessica V. Stahl, Nicole E. Taylor, and Clara E. Hill
II. Conducting Consensual Qualitative Research
- Getting Started
Rachel E. Crook-Lyon, Melissa K. Goates-Jones, and Clara E. Hill
- The Research Team
Barbara L. Vivino, Barbara J. Thompson, and Clara E. Hill
- Biases and Expectations
Wonjin Sim, Teresa C. Huang, and Clara E. Hill
- The Sample
Clara E. Hill and Elizabeth Nutt Williams
- Data Collection
Alan W. Burkard, Sarah Knox, and Clara E. Hill
- Coding the Data: Domains and Core Ideas
Barbara J. Thompson, Barbara L. Vivino, and Clara E. Hill
- Cross Analysis
Nicholas Ladany, Barbara J. Thompson, and Clara E. Hill
Lewis Z. Schlosser, J. Jane H. Dewey, and Clara E. Hill
- Writing the Manuscript
Sarah Knox, Lewis Z. Schlosser, and Clara E. Hill
- Qualitative Meta-Analysis of Consensual Qualitative Research Studies
Clara E. Hill, Sarah Knox, and Shirley A. Hess
III. Overall Considerations
- Establishing Trustworthiness in Consensual Qualitative Research Studies
Elizabeth Nutt Williams and Clara E. Hill
- Considerations Related to Culture in Consensual Qualitative Research
Arpana G. Inman, Eric E. Howard, and Clara E. Hill
- Ethical Considerations in Consensual Qualitative Research
Alan W. Burkard, Sarah Knox, and Clara E. Hill
- Annotated Bibliography of Studies Using Consensual Qualitative Research
Harold T. Chui, John L. Jackson, Jingqing Liu, Clara E. Hill
IV. Modifications and Extensions of Consensual Qualitative Research
- Consensual Qualitative Research for Simple Qualitative Data: An Introduction to CQR-M
Patricia T. Spangler, Jingqing Liu, and Clara E. Hill
- The Modification of Consensual Qualitative Research for Case Study Research: An Introduction to CQR-C
John L. Jackson, Harold T. Chui, and Clara E. Hill
Appendix: Frequently Asked Questions About Consensual Qualitative Research
About the Editor
Clara E. Hill earned her PhD at Southern Illinois University in 1974. She started her career in 1974 as an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, and is currently there as a professor.
She has been the president of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, the editor of the Journal of Counseling Psychology, and the editor of Psychotherapy Research.
She was awarded the Leona Tyler Award from Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) and the Distinguished Psychologist Award from Division 29 (Psychotherapy) of the APA, the Distinguished Research Career Award from the Society for Psychotherapy Research, and the Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award from the Section on Counseling and Psychotherapy Process and Outcome Research of the Society for Counseling Psychology.
Her major research interests are helping skills, psychotherapy process and outcome, training therapists, dream work, and qualitative research.
She has published more than 170 journal articles, 40 chapters in books, and nine books (including Therapist Techniques and Client Outcomes: Eight Cases of Brief Psychotherapy; Helping Skills: Facilitating Exploration, Insight, and Action; and Dream Work in Therapy: Facilitating Exploration, Insight, and Action).